Fundations is our curriculum for teaching spelling, phonics and phonemic awareness.  

Below you will find  the sequence of skills and trick words that students should be able to read and spell. 

Please  encourage your children to practice using uppercase letters, spacing and punctuation whenever writing sentences!

Unit Tests include all spelling and trick words that have been taught in first grade.

Unit 1

Letter formation (a-z)

Alphabetical order

Letter names, keywords and sounds: short vowels, consonants


Unit 2

Blending and reading three-sound short vowel words

Segmenting and spelling three-sound short vowel words

Phonemic awareness skills: sound manipulation (initial, final, medial)

Sentence dictation procedures: Capitalization, period, word spacing

Sentence proofreading procedures

Sample words: cat, sip, log, fox 

Trick Words:    the   a    and    is    his    of

 Unit 3

Concept of consonant digraph, keyword and sounds: 

sh, ch, th, wh, ck

Spelling of ck at the end of words

Sentence dictation procedures: question mark

Sample words: hill, puff, chop, sock 

Trick Words:    as   has   to   into    we    he   she   be   me   for    or

Unit 4

“Bonus” letter spelling rule-ff, ll, ss and sometimes zz

Glued sounds: all

Sample words: hill, puff, bill, miss, call

Trick Words:    you     your      I    they   was     one      said       

Unit 5

Glued sounds: am, an

Sample words: ham, can, fan 

Trick Words:    from     have     do     does

Unit 6

Baseword and suffix with the suffix -s 

Sample Words: hills, dogs, runs

Trick Words:    were        are     who     what       when      where       there       here   

Unit 7 

Glued sounds: ang ,ing, ong, ung, ank, ink, onk, unk

Blending and reading words with ng and nk

Segmenting and spelling words with ng and nk

Sample words: bang, bank, pink 

Trick Words:    why    by   my   try  put    two     too      very   also    some     come

Unit 8

Blending and reading words with four sounds (+suffix-s)

Segmenting and spelling words with four sounds (+suffix-s)

Sample words: bump, stash, bled, past, steps

Trick Words:    would    could    should     her       over     number

Unit 9

Teach the concept of closed syllable

Sample words: kit, slip, stash

Trick Words:    say     says     see      between      each   

What is a closed syllable? 

Closed Syllable

1 This syllable can only have one vowel.

2 The vowel is followed by one or more consonants

(closed in).

3 The vowel sound is short, marked with a breve

4 This syllable can be combined with other syllables

to make multisyllabic words

Unit 10
Blending and reading words with five sounds (+ suffix –s)
Segmenting and spelling words with five sounds (+ suffix-s)
Words with suffix –s used as action words vs. plurals
Sample words: Stump, clasp, strap

Trick Words:    many             before       called            how              your         down         should      because       each

Unit 11
Concept of syllable
Compound words
Syllable division rules for closed syllable: compound words between two vowels
Sample words:  catnip, publish

Trick Words:  people    people    Mr.     Mrs.     years
    says    little    good    very    own

Unit 12
Adding -s, es, suffix to unchanging basewords with closed syllables
Sample words:  bumps, steps, wishes, lunches

Trick Words:  see    work    between    both    being    under

Unit 13
Adding -ed, ing suffixes to unchanging basewords with closed syllables
Sample words:  wishing, rented, slashing, blended

Trick words:  never    another    day    words    look    through

Unit 14 
long vowel sounds for vowel-consonant-e
Sample words:  stove    hope    caves

Trick Words:  friend    around    circle    does    nothing
write    none    color    month

What is a Vowel-Consonant-e Syllable?
1.  This syllable has a vowel, then a consonant, then an e at the end.
2.  The first vowel has a long sound (it says it's name)
3.  The e is silent
4.  The syllable can be combined with other syllables to make multisyllabic words